scottish in new zealand
This is a list of placenames in Scotland which have subsequently been applied to parts of New Zealand by Scottish emigrants or explorers. We are the sole distributors of the Pride of New Zealand tartan. The Lay Association of the Free Church of Scotland founded Dunedin at the head of Otago Harbour in 1848 as the principal town of its Scottish settlement. We have over 700 members in ten regions of the country with 86 clubs meeting regularly. It was the pinnacle of his odyssey on the other side of the world, but only one step on a journey he hopes will last some time yet. Blue is also the predominant colour of the Flag of Scotland, and is used by many sports teams in that country. Ginny Comery & Elisabeth Alberts - Burns Song Duet. Founded 1902 Cum Daingeann - Hold Fast. He was a nephew of the poet Robert Burns. For some years Scottish societies had a national magazine. The Branch publishes an annual magazine with contributions from all the regions. The New Zealand city of Dunedin has an enduring Scottish connection. Invercargill has the appearance of a Scottish name, since it combines the Scottish prefix "Inver" (Inbhir), meaning a river's mouth, with "Cargill", the name of a Scottish official. These migrants brought with them trades and skills, ideas and beliefs, and, above all, a desire for a better life. In 1856, a petition was put forward to Thomas Gore Browne, the Governor of New Zealand, for a port at Bluff. Inchbonnie is a hybrid of Lowland Scots and Scottish Gaelic. Despite these developments, the number of Scots entering New Zealand between 1891 and 1915 remained relatively constant.  To qualify, they either have to have at least one Scottish parent or grandparent. While there were Scots among the transients in pre-1840 New Zealand, the first significant phase starts with the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi and runs until the mid-1850s. Dunedin, the Most Scottish Town in New Zealand 8 9 Share Tweet Dunedin is one of the biggest cities in the south island of New Zealand and has a very Scottish identity. Scots immigrants in New Zealand. When William Pember Reeves wrote his history of New Zealand, he was impelled to observe that Dunedin, ‘the plodding, brave, clannish, and cantankerous little community soon ceased to be altogether Scottish’.¹ Indeed, the pioneers seemed almost swamped by the flood of gold-seekers which poured in after 1861. They include: "Kilted Kiwi" is a nickname given to New Zealanders who would go on to play in the Scotland national rugby union team. Coincidentally I’m back in New Zealand just now for a visit and a number of activities (see here for details). Many were Scots trying to escape the economic hardship caused by the decline of the traditional heavy industries in Scotland after the short-lived post-war boom. Christmas. Tay, and Spey. It is in this period that early Scottish pioneers like John Logan Campbell made their mark. Captain William Cargill, a veteran of the Peninsular War, served as the colony's first leader: Otago citizens subsequently elected him to the office of Superintendent. The South Island also contains the Strath-Taieri and the Ben Ohau Range of mountains, both combining Scots Gaelic and Maori origins.  Burns was named Chancellor, but he did not live to see the university open on 5 July 1871. Turakina in Wanganui was originally settled by Gaelic speakers, but there is not much trace other than annual Highland games.. The main point here is that recruitment schemes in Scotland, together with the direct departure from Scottish ports, secured a strong Scottish contingent in this early settlement phase, a contingent that was reserved not just for Otago. Tanja Bueltmann, "'No Colonists are more Imbued with their National Sympathies than Scotchmen,'", "Expatriate Scottish Regiments", p808 in Keay, J. Today, the architecture, shops and street signs pay homage to the area’s history. For decorating your Scottish … And all that because I was soon to head off to New Zealand to commence my PhD at Victoria University in Wellington, investigating the Scots in New Zealand. Ships like the Blenheim , sent by the New Zealand Company to Wellington in 1841, brought Scots directly from the Clyde. Scottish Society of New Zealand Christchurch (pdf) William Gilchrist A New Zealand Borderer; The Lowland Clearances and the Scottish Exodus to New Zealand. Perhaps you have a Scottish ancestor or know of someone who does - prior to 1920 about 25 per cent of migrants to NZ were Scottish. They established communities that were strongly Scottish i… , The University's coat of arms was granted by the Lord Lyon King of Arms on 21 January 1948, and features a yellow saltire, on blue. Copyright Scottish Diaspora Blog 2021 More than eighty-five thousand emigrants were granted free passages under the scheme, but only 16% went to New Zealand. In this climate of unease, emigration seemed a viable solution. (Many of Invercargill's main streets are named after Scottish rivers: Dee, Tay, Spey, Esk, Don, Doon, Clyde, etc.). They were mostly single (although differences between national groups indicate different migratory streams), highly transient, and of agricultural, mining, or pre-industrial background. The original "kilted Kiwi" was Sean Lineen. Ginger Bread. These Scottish settlers were the founders of Dunedin—known as the "Edinburgh of the South", and the city where the Highlanders are based. There are Scottish placenames all over New Zealand, but they tend to be concentrated in the southern part of South Island. Empire Settlement, as noted earlier, was a direct response to the First World War, stimulating a new infl ux of migrants in the early inter-war years. Inver comes from the Scots Gaelic word inbhir meaning a river's mouth and Cargill is in honour of Captain William Cargill, who was at the time the Superintendent of Otago, of which Southland was then a part. Locations in New Zealand with a Scottish name is similar to these topics: Locations in South Africa with a Scottish name, Locations in Australia with a Scottish name, Scottish New Zealanders and more. Around New Zealand other Scottish groups had built halls. "'No Colonists are more Imbued with their National Sympathies than Scotchmen,'". Scottish emigrants in New Zealand Peter Fraser He was an important politician who helped to found the New Zealand Labour Party in 1916 - he was elected as Prime Minister of New Zealand in 1940. Step into the world of highly prized traditional woven tartan fabric. - First Scots in New Zealand Sailing Ship "City of Adelaide" Took Emigrants to Australia The first time that Scotland had sent an organised group of emigrants to settle abroad was the ill-fated "Darien Scheme" in Panama at the very end of the 18th century.  An ordinance of the council established the university in 1869, giving it 100,000 acres (400 km2) of land, and the power to grant degrees in Arts, Medicine, Law and Music. Scottish Diaspora in New Zealand: Part One. Conditions in Foveaux Strait prevented immigrants from using their skills, and poor preservation methods made selling their catch all the more difficult. The name Highlanders was chosen after the early Scottish settlers in the lower South Island. Whisky. This resulted in a major furore within the city. Other so-called "kilted Kiwis" apart from Sean Lineen have included: However, this has not always been a one way trade. Some of these have been recognised by the New Zealand Historic Places Trust. Partly the result of the successful recruitment by emigration agents in Scotland, targeted special settlements were established across New Zealand under the auspices of provincial governments, facilitating the concentrated arrival of Highlanders. , See also – Category:New Zealand people of Scottish descent. This was a fairly small number, however, compared to late nineteenth-century flows, for example. They have had a mixed reception, but have included some notable players. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand notes that in many cases, the distinctive features of Scottish settlers were often wiped out in a generation or two, and replaced with a British identity which consisted mostly of English culture: Today, if there can be said to be a "stronghold" of Scottish culture in New Zealand, it would be in the regions of Southland and Otago, although many of the place names around the Waikato region also bear links with Scotland (notably the city of Hamilton and town of Huntly). we find reproduced just those characteristics that make for our race. The South Island has strong Scottish associations with Otago and Southland provinces. In 2018, New Zealand Branch celebrates its 50th year as a branch of the RSCDS. Scottish Influence in New Zealand. This can be contrasted with the mid-20th century, e.g. If Scotland gets independence one day, I might get a Scottish Passport too ! Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand notes that in many cases, the distinctive features of Scottish settlers were often wiped out in a generation or two, and replaced with a British identity which consisted mostly of English culture: The sudden influx of new migrants reshaped and diluted the Province’s ethnic make-up. This story traces notable moments in the arrival of Scots from the time of Captain Cook onwards - explorers, sealers, whalers, missionaries and settlers. It was in this phase that Otago’s character as a Scottish settlement was first challenged, though Scots were still being specifically recruited to the settlement in significant … Scottish News. These included the Revd Thomas Burns of Dumfriesshire, who was offered the position of minister to the migrants in mid-1843 by the Colonial Committee of the Free Church of Scotland. The Games were sports meets that brought together Scottish settlers and the wider New Zealand public. From the mid-1850s to c. 1880, McClean estimates that around fifty-three thousand Scots travelled directly from a port in the United Kingdom to a destination in New Zealand. In terms of Scottish migration to New Zealand, five distinct immigration phases can be identified. The Canterbury Branch of the Caledonian Society built their Caledonian Hall in 1923, designed by architect Henry St Aubyn Murray in a conservative style (NZHPT Reg. Otago Superintendent William Cargill was put in charge of the dispute, resulting in the Anglicans being forced to withdraw their plans for The Octagon (The Anglican St. Paul's Cathedral stands today at the northern edge of The Octagon). The Disruption of 1843 shaped the scheme, with a number of Free Church secessionists involved in the planning for the settlement. Many of the prime ministers of New Zealand have been of Scottish descent. It rejoined Otago Province due to financial difficulties, and the provinces were abolished entirely in 1876. In 1851 he led his people, who were facing economic hardship in Canada, first to Australia and then on to New Zealand. The settlement, however, was ill conceived. There are about 90 Scottish dancing clubs in New Zealand Click on the map to find one near you The majority of Scottish immigrants settled in the South Island. Kate Sheppard, who grew up in Nairn and emigrated when she was around 21-years-old, was instrumental in the campaign which resulted in New Zealand becoming the first country in the world to grant all women the vote in 1893. The name comes from Dùn Èideann, the Scottish Gaelic name for Edinburgh, the Scottish capital. Most of the immigrants who entered New Zealand during these years were born in the UK, and of these about one quarter were Scots. Scottish Society of New Zealand - Inc, Christchurch, New Zealand. Its name comes from the Gaelic word for Edinburgh, and Thomas Burns, nephew to famous Scots poet Robert Burns, was among the early settlers.  The result was both grand and quirky streets as the builders struggled and sometimes failed to construct his bold vision across the challenging landscape. With the dissolving of the University of New Zealand in 1961 and passage of the University of Otago Amendment Act 1961, the university regained authority to confer degrees. Remains of a typical Scottish/Celtic homestead. & Keay, J. After 1854 more Scots came, from Nova Scotia and direct from Scotland. Many Caledonian societies were formed, well over 100 by the early twentieth century, who helped maintain Scottish culture and traditions. Viewed as hard-working, decent, and reliable, Scots were desired pioneer settlers. Coming less then ten years after the end of the First World War, the New Zealand Prime Minister’s statement does not surprise. Reading your Newsletter, Alastair, has provoked considerable thought on the Scottish Influence of those early immigrants who made New Zealand their new home- their legacy and how the Scottish Influence has permeated into our way of life – business, economics, transport systems, community, … One special settlement was that of Stewart Island, the destination of a significant group of Shetland Islanders. According to Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland: The Otago and Southland Regiment is still linked to the Highlanders in the British Army. After less than a year in New Zealand, Burr had tasted the promised land of a Super Rugby squad, played in a warm-up game against the Crusaders, and marked the cards of the franchise coaches. The charismatic preacher Norman McLeod left Scotland in 1817 for Nova Scotia. New Zealand became a British territory in 1840 and in the four following decades immigration, not natural increase, was the main source of New Zealand's population growth. Scottish New Zealanders are New Zealanders of Scottish ancestry or who originate from Scotland. In 1854 they secured land at Waipū in Northland. ... Catriona, who works as a doctor at Wellington Hospital and moved to New Zealand over four years ago hasn’t been home since 2018. | Theme by ThemeinProgress Scottish Food and Hampers offer a large selection of gift hampers perfect for any occasion. Address to the Haggis - Ross Fraser. The total number of Waipū Scots excee… It was only during the First World War that immigration numbers stalled. A modern native NZ Scottish/Celt surveys the ruins. Scottish Tartans Authority (Scottish limited company no. .’. Captain William Cargill, a veteran of the war against Napoleon, was the secular leader. Find reproduced just those characteristics that make for our race and poor preservation made. ; Brooking, Tom ; McAloon, Jim, this page was last edited on 28 December 2020, 18:24! 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