clown beetle genus
All species are myrmecophilus and, with the exception of 5 species of, A large subfamily of more than 620 species included in about 40 genera. Most Neotropical species are saproxylic while in other regions they occupy a wider range of niches including decaying vegetation and dung. Several of the genera are very large and widely distributed e.g. Description: The 2012 British list has 52 species of Histeridae (1-10mm long), in seven subfamilies. Euchirograpsus americanus, a species of crab in the genus Euchirograpsus. The overall form is oval to almost round or elongate oval, smooth and finely punctured and, apart from this, rather nondescript. New species of Chlamydopsis (Histeridae: Chlamydopsinae), with a review and phlyogenetic analysis of all known species.Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 49: 159-235. The new species and genus Iridoprinus myrmecophilus is the first known myrmecophilous saprinine for the Australopacific Region. Esox americanus, a type of fish. Darkling is a common name applied to several genera and over 1400 species within the family Tenebrionidae. Latin histrio 'actor' ( 1). The Hister Beetle is also known by the name(s) of: Clown Beetle. Hister beetle, (family Histeridae), any of approximately 3,900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are carnivorous and are usually found around carrion, fungi, or dung. At least some species can be found throughout the year. The species are recognised by the form of the antennae, the insertion of which is placed above the eyes, high on the frons, the scape is often greatly expanded so that it covers the eye when the head is withdrawn (chlamydopsis means ‘covered eye’). Heteromastix tenuis. The upper surface is shiny and heavily punctured, and the elytra lack striae. Images: Description: The 2012 British list has 52 species of Histeridae (1-10mm long), in seven subfamilies. Many are tiny and convex beetles which are distinct by the form of the prosternum; the process, or lobe, is well developed and extended laterally so closing the antennal cavities from beneath, and is bordered at the base by a distinct presternal suture. The Histerinae contains 5 tribes and more than half of all known species of the family. Many are endemic to the deserts of North Africa and Central Asia. Eleodes, derived from the Greek term for "olivelike" describes the general body shape and jet black coloration. As with most larger families the classification is not fully worked out and may change. Family: Histeridae. Contributors own the copyright to and are solely responsible for contributed content.Click the contributor's name for licensing and usage information. DENDROPHILINI Reitter, 1909 The limits of this tribe are still to be worked out; it was for a long time considered to include two genera, Dendrophilus Leach, 1817 and Kissister Marsuel, 1862, but now it seems that the latter might be more appropriately placed within the Paromalini. Most are drab; black or dark brown but a few are patterned and some are metallic. Ancylonotus tribulus, Heterotropinae, Absala dorcada, Arquatopotamon jizushanense, Bienkotetrix tibetanus, Ancistris saturnina, Abrochocis esperanza, Hakuna Because the subfamilies display various forms and lifestyles they are described separately, and briefly, below. Most species are basically black, glabrous and shiny but a red or orange pattern to the elytra is not uncommon. The prominent rhinoceros horn gives the beetles a menacing look. This subfamily contains a single genus, Niponius Lewis, 1885, of 22 species of elongate and very distinctive Histerids. Everything else copyright © 2003-2020 Iowa State University, unless otherwise noted. One species, S. politus Mannerheim, 1864 occurs in the northern United States, Canada and Alaska; it is found in carrion, compost and bear dung (Ursus spp.). There are at least 60 described species in Paromalus., Reimagined by Gibon, design of warm cheerful glowing of brightness and light rays radiance. All are very distinctive in appearance, even the elongate tropical species, and are readily recognized; most are drab, dark to pale brown or almost yellow, with a squat, convex body and long legs with dilated tibiae (especially the middle pair) and well developed tarsi. Hister beetles, also known as Clown beetles because of their flattened legs, represent a quite diverse family (Histeridae) of beetles living almost everywhere around the world. Species: spp. The tibiae are usually well developed and, in most species, dentate on the external side, in many dung and compost inhabiting species the fore tibiae are fossorial. Promyrmister kistneri gen. et sp. Worldwide about 500 species have been described. Beetles in the genus Eleodes are known as "darkling" or "pinacate beetles," and colloquially as "stinkbugs" or "clown beetles." All British species are small, 1-2.5mm, most are convex and smooth, without or with only rudimentary elytral striae. Darkling is a common name applied to several genera and over 1400 species within the family Tenebrionidae. This could be a defense mechanism for them. The mostly Holarctic genus Onthophilus Leach, 1817 is by far the largest with about 40 described species. Coleopteran - Coleopteran - Annotated classification: More than 200 families of extant and extinct beetles are known. Genus Trichalus . Erinus americanus, an ornamental plant species of the genus Erinus. Hister beetle, (family Histeridae), any of approximately 3,900 species of beetles (insect order Coleoptera) that are carnivorous and are usually found around carrion, fungi, or dung. Margarinotus Marseul, 1853 (a genus of clown beetles) Margarinotus (a genus of clown beetles) may also be included in identification literature listed under the following higher taxa: The metallic green color is what sets this clown beetle apart from other clown beetles. Most have specialized heads that can be retracted into or under the prothorax. These are small Histerids, 2-3mm, oval and convex, resembling a large Abraeus. The species are small, oval and convex with greatly dilated tibiae and a series of almost complete elytral striae. Many species exhibit sexual dimorphism. The prosternum nearly always has impressed lines, generally longitudinal, on the surface and these often provide useful diagnostic characters for the species. Porrostoma rhipidium. The histerid beetle genus Baconia is distinguishable by the peculiar flat shape and the metallic body coloration ranging between beautiful blue, green and violet tones. dung, carrion, decomposing fungi, under bark, in ant nests, forest litter, flood debris, treeholes, bird nests, mammal/reptile burrows, at sap flows, under wrack on beaches, and on sandy beaches. The new species in the genus Baconia are mainly from North and South America and were discovered through studies … Several Saprinus species are specialist predators on other insects among foliage etc. This species’ ability to limit house fly populations in poultry production settings led to its study as an augmentative biological control agent (Bills 1973; Kaufman et al. Academic disciplines Explanation of Names. Teretriosoma conigerum is a species of clown beetle in the family Histeridae. … While there are genera in other subfamilies with a similar overall morphology, species of Niponius are unique in possessing a large, elongate head with produced frontal processes and ventrally deflexed mandibles. The tibiae, especially the front pair, are often dilated and toothed on the outer margin, in larger species these teeth are large and aid the beetle in digging through the host medium. while others are restricted to the coast; Hypocaccus Thomson, C.G., 1867 species occur on beaches throughout the world. The new species in the genus Baconia are mainly from North and South America and were discovered through studies of numerous museum collections and fieldwork. Classic art reinvented with a modern twist. Adult in defensive posture Beetles in the genus Eleodes are known as "darkling" or "pinacate beetles," and colloquially as "stinkbugs" or "clown beetles." The beetles are slowly moving through woodlands and forests where they feed on dead roots. ZooKeys, 960: 79–123. Home 1799 in the environment Species described in 1799 Animals described in 1799 Insects described in 1799 Beetles described in 1799. A large subfamily of more than 620 species included in about 40 genera. This is a small subfamily of about 200 species included in 11 genera. Ecologically the group is very varied; many occur in decaying vegetation and dung or among fungi while some occur in mammal or avian nests; sometimes being associated with a single species. The name ‘pinacate’ is an Aztec word which literally means “black beetle.” As their name suggests, these beetles are famous for producing a stinking chemical as a defensive mechanism. CLOWN BEETLE-The saprinus pennsylvanicus has an oval or rounded, shiny metallic green colored body. The clypeus and frons are smooth; without a suture, and the clypeus is prolonged into a ‘snout’. Hydrophilidae (Water Beetles) Leiodidae (Round Fungus Beetles) Genus Paragyrtodes. in 58 genera in our area, ca. Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles), Hydrophiloidea (Water Scavenger and Clown Beetles), Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles (Polyphaga), Water Scavenger and Clown Beetles (Hydrophiloidea), Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms, A Manual of Common Beetles of Eastern North America, American Beetles, Volume I: Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia, A review of Hippeutister Reichensperger with new species from California and Costa Rica (Coleoptera: Histeridae: Hetaeriinae), A Distributional Checklist of the Beetles (Coleoptera) of Florida, Gruber J.P. (2003) Hister beetles of Wisconsin, Histerid Beetles (Coleoptera: Histeridae) of Louisiana, by A.K. Many have a strongly sculptured and punctured dorsal surface, and some show exaggerated features of the head, pronotum and elytra. Teretrius fabricii Mazur, last recorded in 1936 and now considered extinct in the U.K, is a predator of Lyctus larvae. The form of the antennal club is unique to the genus, being inwardly curved (arcuate), in the often closely similar Paromalini it is outwardly curved. The 3 species of Peploglyptus Leconte, 1880 possess pronotal and prosternal trichomes and are probably myrmecophilous, 2 species occur in North and South America and 1 in Borneo. It is found in Central America and North America. Although they range widely in size, the largest exceed 10mm, the appearance varies little; they are oval and convex above and below with elytra that are variously punctured and striate. Adults and larvae predatory on other insects (such as maggots), other small invertebrates. It is closely related to the clown beetles but with distinct characteristics. They are shiny black, oval, and from 0.5 to 10 mm (0.02 to 0.4 inch) long. Hister beetles have proved useful duri… in ~330 genera worldwide, Small to medium-sized, compact, sturdy beetles, typically black and shiny (a few are brightly colored). Genus Saprinus. The family have truncate elytra, leaving the final two abdominal segments exposed, and characteristic geniculate (elbowed) antennae with terminal clubs. It has a worldwide distribution and contains many of the larger and frequently encountered species e.g. Some species occur under bark in dead trees, whereas others burrow in sand or live in mammal burrows or termite nests. The metallic green color is what sets this clown beetle apart from other clown beetles. BACANIINI Kryzhanovskij & Reichardt, 1976 A large tribe of 6 genera and around 100 species with a ‘cosmopolitan’ distribution which does not include the U.K. Reference page. The legs are generally flattened and so add to a smooth outline when the beetle is rolled up. One of the identifying features of these large beetles is the single horn on their heads. They can be easily identified by their shortened elytra that leaves two of the seven tergites exposed, and their elbowed antennae with clubbed ends. Most species are associated with decaying vegetation; compost and litter etc. They have a worldwide distribution and the Palaearctic region is diverse with at least 270 species included in 33 genera. Curiously, the Clown beetles tend to play dead when threatened. The elytra are often striate, sometimes smooth. Halacritus punctum (Aubé) occurs only under decaying seaweed and debris above the high tide line. References Caterino, M. S. 2003. Most are predatory, living in decaying wood or vegetation while some, Aeletes and Teretrius, are adapted to live in the galleries of other saproxylic insects. has been recorded from a rats nest. The bottomless pit of insect biodiversity has yielded a treasure trove of new species of jewel-like clown beetles… They can be distinguished by their antennae, which are short, have clubbed tips and which stick out from the head more-or-less sideways, before bending forwards in an elbow-like joint. Includes 13 genera and around 140 species. This is a small subfamily containing 7 genera of very distinctive beetles. Most species are small <4mm, and drab coloured although some are metallic green or blue, elongate oval or slightly flattened. He got his start sometime in the 1940s, when he ran the studio Alfa Circus Film. It took awhile before I saw the first one, but in the meantime I saw all too abundantly the clown beetle, Eleodes suturalis. Genus Platysoma. Sphaerites is a genus of beetles, the only genus in the family Sphaeritidae, sometimes called the false clown beetles.It is closely related to the clown beetles but with distinct characteristics. Subfamily: Histerinae. So far as is known all are predaceous. The ancient clown beetle shares several of features with its modern relatives – including thick, spiked legs and well-protected head and antennae – which are believed to help the beetles withstand handling by the ants’ jaws. This large subfamily includes 4 tribes of which 2 occur in the U.K; Dendrophilini and Paromalini. The beetles have been recorded in colonies of ant species scattered across the subfamilies Dolichoderinae, Dorylinae, Formicinae, Myrmicinae and Ponerinae (Helava et al., 1985; Tishechkin, 2007) (Figure 3). Eleodes, derived from the Greek term for "olivelike" describes the general body shape and jet black coloration. So far as is known all are predaceous. In some species the elytral sculpture is complex and serves to make the beetle cryptic and difficult to follow when moving, many species move rapidly. It has a worldwide distribution and contains many of the larger and frequently encountered species e.g. The tibiae are usually expanded, sometimes greatly so, and, at least the fore-tibiae, strongly dentate externally. Tishechkin, The insects and arachnids of Canada. Plegaderus is a genus of clown beetles in the family Histeridae. Add your article. Assigning specimens to this subfamily is generally straightforward as they have a distinctive prosternum; the lobe is short and truncate or curved anteriorly, and the antennae retract into cavities either side and remain exposed. Possible Genus Zeadolopus. Despite this the members have a certain overall form that soon becomes obvious whatever the size and shape. The family have truncate elytra, leaving the final two abdominal segments exposed, and characteristic geniculate (elbowed) antennae with terminal clubs. Little is known of their biology and many specimens await description. Haeterius ferrugineus. Some species of Hister Beetle live in trees, others in abandoned rodent burrows. Stink beetles are also called pinacate beetles and are a group of black beetles in the genus Eleodes. Many are nocturnal and the majority, if not all, of histerids can fly well. This is a small subfamily containing 7 genera of very distinctive beetles. Meloidae (Blister Beetles) Mycteridae (Palm and Flower Beetles) … A worldwide subfamily containing 3 tribes and about 110 genera of small and highly specialized myrmecophilous and termitophilous species. Genus Heteromastix. The majority of species are active nocturnally. The Histeridae is a cosmopolitan family of more than 4200 species included in 11 subfamilies and about 390 genera. Most of these beetles are predaceous and feed on larvae of other insects, including some pests. Most are associated with decaying vegetation or are saproxylic while some occur in litter and a few in ants’ nests. 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