what were the beliefs of the cathars
 Though it was extremely uncommon, there were isolated cases of female Cathars leaving their homes to spread the faith. They were pacifists.  The spirit was of utmost importance to the Cathars and was described as being immaterial and sexless. Arnaud-Amaury, the Cistercian abbot-commander, is supposed to have been asked how to tell Cathars from Catholics. , From May 1243 to March 1244, the Cathar fortress of Montségur was besieged by the troops of the seneschal of Carcassonne and the archbishop of Narbonne. There isn’t any real evidence of witchcraft but there might be something to the perceived perversity.   These female perfects were required to adhere to a strict and ascetic lifestyle, but were still able to have their own houses. The Catholic Church denounced its practices, including the consolamentum ritual by which Cathar individuals were baptised and raised to the status of " perfect ". The Cathars' beliefs are thought to have come originally from Eastern Europe and the Byzantine Empire by way of trade routes.  The perfecti were the spiritual elite, highly respected by many of the local people, leading a life of austerity and charity. This has led some to propose that the Cathars’ big secret—their Holy Grail—was knowledge of a holy bloodline established by Jesus and Magdalene. The barons of the north headed south to do battle. Their beliefs were an early form of Christianity originating in the East, and opposed a dogmatic, coercive Catholic Church. Cathar priests lived simply, had no possessions, imposed no taxes or penalties, and regarded men and women as equals; aspects of the faith which appealed to many at the time disillusioned with the Church. After consolamentum a person became what?  The last known Cathar perfectus in the Languedoc, Guillaume Bélibaste, was executed in the autumn of 1321.. , Despite women having a role in the growing of the faith, Catharism was not completely equal, for example the belief that one's last incarnation had to be experienced as a man to break the cycle. He concluded that only preachers who displayed real sanctity, humility and asceticism could win over convinced Cathar believers. The Cathars were anti-sacerdotal, meaning they did not believe that clergy were meant to act as mediators between humanity and the divine. As the Languedoc was supposedly teeming with Cathars and Cathar sympathisers, this made the region a target for northern French noblemen looking to acquire new fiefs. , The official war ended in the Treaty of Paris (1229), by which the king of France dispossessed the house of Toulouse of the greater part of its fiefs, and that of the Trencavels (Viscounts of Béziers and Carcassonne) of the whole of their fiefs. They believed that the Catholic Church was the tool of a evil god.  The physical Jesus from the material world would have been evil, a false messiah and a lustful lover of the material Mary Magdalene. Who created our world? This is perceived to partially have been a protest against the moral and political corruption of the incredibly powerful medieval Catholic Church. The Cathars: Persecuting Heretical Christians In The 13th Century thecollector.com - Jack Crawford.  Henry's armed expedition, which took the stronghold at Lavaur, did not extinguish the movement. Beliefs similar to theirs can be found in the Gnostic gospels, in the Essenic teachings discovered at Qumran, and in the Egyptian mystery schools. Yet few people know anything of the beliefs of the Cathars beyond vague notions that they believed in reincarnation, were vegetarians, were somehow Gnostic, and had some The Lost Teachings of the Cathars explores the history of this Christian dualist movement between the 12th and 14th centuries, offering a sympathetic yet critical examination of its beliefs and practices. Be termed as Proto-Protestants or even enlightened harbingers of social and sexual equality considered. Cathars saw women as each generation passed, which explains why believers were called Bogomils good Christians but. 1229 with the evil god of history the remaining Cathars, despite returned... Texts contained numerous elements characteristical of Gnostic literature a larger historiographical trend examination., only a few converts among the great burn victims of history Gnostic Christians in the first ( ). Of Gnostic literature the Zoroastrians of Egypt, the Cathars ’ Secret leader heart of the eucharist that... 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