deontological ethics meaning
Deontology is a school of moral philosophy in which ethical behavior equals following rules.  Matt Ventresca, The Curious Case of CTE: Mediating Materialities of Traumatic Brain Injury, Communication & Sport, 7(2): 135-156 (2019).  Kevin Seifer, Did the Helmet Rule Actually Work? Myanmar is a small southeast Asian country that contains about 130 diverse ethnic groups recognized by the government. One study found no statistically significant difference between the all-cause mortality among career NFL players and NFL replacement players who played just three games during the strike of 1987. They can suffer concussions from milder collisions than would be required to concuss a collegiate or professional player. It just requires that people follow the rules and do their duty.  Robert F. Heary et al., Is Youth Football Safe? And new knowledge about brain injuries have caused many people to call football immoral and to advocate its abolition. Explain.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harm_principle. It is a concept which is based on a person’s obligation or duty to treat others with respect. However, in letting the missile launch, thousands of people will die. So, we just need to kind of put it in context.”.  Michael Cunningham, Player Safety Takes Back Seat as NCAA Rushes to Allow Campus Workouts, Atlanta Journal-Constitution, May 22, 2020 (quoting Huma). Deontological is an approach to ethics that focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves, instead of examining its consequences or any other considerations. The co-chair of the NFL’s Health and Safety Advisory Committee has said that the committee thinks helmets are part of the culture and tradition and will not be outlawed in the foreseeable future. A documentary and six short videos reveal the behavioral ethics biases in super-lobbyist Jack Abramoff's story. Is it always a consideration that buyers should take into account? Then, take a â¦  Julie Mack, What Parents Need to Know about Football, Concusions and Head Injuries, mlive.com, Nov. 24, 2019, at https://www.mlive.com/news/2019/11/what-parents-need-to-know-about-football-and-head-injuries.html (quoting neurologist David Kaufman). Is your opinion altered by the fact that the scientist quoted above is the neurologist for the Michigan State University football team? What is the deontological ethical theory? The primary difference between deontology and utilitarianism, two competing systems of ethics, is that the former system is concerned with whether an act is intrinsically right or wrong, while the latter system believes that only the consequences of an act are important. 51 animated videos - 1 to 2 minutes each - define key ethics terms and concepts. An Analysis of Youth Football Head Impact Data, Neurosurgery (Jan. 2020), available at https://doi.org/10.1093/neuros/nyz563. How about the reverse—why do many people who believe football players should be free to decide what they do with their bodies take decidedly un-libertarian positions on issues such as abortion, marijuana legalization, and assisted suicide? While some researchers and universities feel as though they should refrain from making such amber purchases, their failure to participate enables many private collectors to remove collections from the public or to charge researchers an exorbitant fee for access. Deontological Ethics – Duty-Based Morality Deontological ethics is a theory of morality based on a “nonconsequentialist” view of people and moral decision-making. A 2016 study found no elevated risk of suicide in a population of players with at least five years in the league. Kant believed that ethical actions follow universal moral laws, such as âDonât lie. Some argue against paternalism and in favor of individual choice, believing that adults (at least) should be able to choose to engage in boxing (and presumably to play football) despite its potentially adverse consequences for brain health. Football causes more concussions than any other high school sport. Part of the reason is that “[m]ost of the time when a player has a concussion, standard medical imaging techniques do not show damage.” No “gold standard” for diagnosing concussions currently exists. In general, the goal of deontology is to create a rational set oâ¦  Janine Armstrong, NFL Concussion Protocol Explained: How Does It Work?, Sportcasting, Oct. 13, 2019, at https://www.sportscasting.com/nfl-concussion-protocol-explained-how-does-it-work/. And How Will It Change in 2019?, ESPN, Aug. 19, 2019, at https://www.espn.com/nfl/story/_/id/27372974/did-helmet-rule-actually-work-2018-how-change-2019. Is Getting Soft. Why or why not? In this terminology, action is more imâ¦ One of the oldest amber deposits in the world, dating back 100 million years, is located in the Northern region of Myanmar.  Christie Aschwanden, Football’s Concussion Crisis Is Awash with Pseudoscience, Wired.com, Oct. 2, 2019. Discussion Questions on High Schools & Colleges, Discussion Questions on Youth Leagues (Under 14). If you were a university scientist, how would you decide whether it is ethical for you to buy amber from Myanmar? Empirical research supports the notion that allowing children to engage in dangerous forms of play is key to their optimal development. Despite their heightened susceptibility to concussions, youth football players rarely sustain concussions because they are lighter and collide with less force than older players. A 2007 study found that retired NFL players experienced levels of depressive symptoms no worse than those of the general population. Deontology is simple to apply.  Sameer K. Deshpande et al, Association of Playing High School Football with Cognition and Mental Health Later in Life, JAMA Neurology, 74(8): 909-918 (2017). https://www.britannica.com/topic/deontological-ethics.  Kevin M. Guskiewicz et al., Recurrent Concussion and Risk of Depression in Retired Professional Football Players, Medicine & Science in Sports & Leisure, 39(6): 903-909 (2007). In a study of 14,000 NFL players, researchers found that even head impacts insufficient to cause concussions can mount up over the years, leading to CTE and premature death. They’re healthy … And people say that’s crazy. The government then forced more than 5000 inhabitants from their homes and villages, as well as from the amber mines. New Yorker writer Ingfei Chen observed that Fisher-Price had been required to recall a collapsible crib that was associated with 32 infant deaths. Support your position with data and facts. In this lesson, learn about a branch of ethics called deontology.  David W. Lawrence et al., Descriptive Epidemiology of Musculoskeletal Injuries and Concussions in the National Football League, 2021-2014, Orthopedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2015:3(5):2325967115583653. However, ethics is loosely defined as established standards of right and wrong that spell out what people sâ¦ This statistic is up 61% from 2002-2007, perhaps reflecting an improvement of awareness and reporting. Kant believed that ethical actions follow universal moral laws, such as “Don’t lie. Over two regular seasons (2012-2014), NFL players sustained 4,384 injuries, including 301 concussions. Another study found that greater RHI exposure correlated with higher levels of plasma t-tau (a biomarker for CTE) in symptomatic former NFL players as compared to the study’s control group. âThese theories are sometimes called deontological, from the Greek word deon, or duty, in view of the foundational nature of our duty or obligation.â âIn the business ethics literature, one finds two dominant approaches to evaluate the ethical nature of one's conduct: teleological ethics and deontological ethics.â We Know Little About the Long-term Effects of Concussions, Statnews, Sept.27, 2019.  Steve Almond, Is It Immoral to Watch the Super Bowl?, New York Times, Jan. 24, 2014. Amber is a resin material that is formed from fossilized conifer tree sap during years of constant pressure and heat. What is deontology? 4. The term deontology comes from the Greek word deon, meaning duty. Suicide rates among NCAA football players are the highest among all sports, but they are substantially lower than the general population age 18-22 or college students in that age range. How do the tau clumps relate to the clinical syndrome—do the lesions fully explain the mood and memory problems? The theory of deontology states we are morally obligated to act in accordance with a certain set of principles and rules regardless of outcome. Deontological theory is utilized to assess principles and guide people for ethical considerations.  Atheendar S. Venkataramani et al, Association Between Playing American Football and Long-term Mortality, JAMA, 319(8): 800-806 (2018). Deontology advises not to violate this rule. It has been suggested at both the NFL and collegiate level that team physicians are faced with conflicting loyalties. But it also means disregarding the possible consequences of our actions when determining what is right and what is wrong. Its prevalence is unknown, and the neuropathological diagnostic criteria are no more than preliminary. Deontology comes from the Greek word for duty.  Steve Almond, Is It Immoral to Watch the Super Bowl?, New York Times, Jan. 24, 2014; Pamela R. Sailors, Personal Foul: An Evaluation of the Moral Status of Football, Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, 42(2): 269-286 (2015). A policy issue?  Studies indicate that there are helmets that may decrease concussions, but neuroscientist Julie Stamm says: “No helmet will ever be concussion-proof, because the brain still moves inside the skull. See also Ann C. McKee et al., The Spectrum of Disease in Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy, Brain, 136(1)): 43-64 (2013)(study of donated brains of 64 athletes found “the stage of [CTE] correlated with increased duration of football play, survival after football and age at death” for 34 football players).  J.S. Deontology is an ethical theory that uses rules to distinguish right from wrong.  Although concussions can carry serious consequences, they are termed a “mild” form of TBI because they are not typically life threatening. 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However, in 2017 the Myanmar government dropped leaflets from helicopters informing the population in northern Kachin that civilians and Kachin militants who remain in the region will be considered hostile opposition to the government military forces. Deontologists believe that the goal of moral philosophy should be to figure out the ârulesâ for living a moral life and that once people know those rules they should follow them. Why, then, do you think they oppose letting adults choose freely to play football?  Ted Tatos, Playing Games with College Athletes’ Lives, The American Prospect, May 20, 2020. One in self-defense the rightness of actions a collection of one-of-a-kind videos that highlight the aspects. Is too much the league believed to be made for “ duty. ”,... You only have to follow set rules amber mines football ’ s a form of lying and cheating well... Awash with Pseudoscience, Wired.com, Oct. 2, 2019 their optimal development football ’ s crazy a moral,... 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